Dental Sealants

Teeth with fissures, deep grooves or pitting usually house some level of tooth decay, primarily due to the difficulty of effective brushing. More than 75% of tooth decay can be found in these teeth on nearly everyone. The application of a dental sealant protects teeth by sealing any deep grooves and pitting. Using a sealant on teeth creates a much improved cleaning surface, thereby minimizing decay.

What exactly is a dental sealant?

Dental sealants are made from a thin plastic liquid coating that is applied to the surface of any teeth that represent possible danger of decay. These teeth may be molars or premolars that show deep grooves on the contact portion of the tooth. This liquid plastic sealant is non-toxic and very safe to use. An almost permanent solution, it may require some additional application after several years. Your dental exams will reveal this, so it can be addressed.

What is the process?

The process is quite painless. It only takes one or two minutes per tooth, so the process is quick and easy. In our dental office we will clean the targeted teeth thoroughly. Surrounding the tooth with swabs of cotton, the tooth is allowed to dry and remain dry. A solution is applied to the enamel surface as a primer coat to allow the sealant to bond to the tooth. We’ll rinse and dry the affected teeth. Once dry, a sealant will be brushed on carefully. There are several different types of sealants. Some that dry immediately and some that require a curing process. A special light is used to cure the sealant in this type of process.

Who would need a dental sealant?

Someone might require a sealant applied, and they are everyone other than infants and very small children:

  • Small children — with their primary teeth may require a sealant if they are cavity prone. Left unattended, if the primary (baby) teeth have fissures or pitting become decayed or must be removed, the secondary teeth may not come in as they should.
  • Pre-adolescents, adolescents and teenagers — When the secondary (permanent) molars present, usually around 6 years of age or so, they should be sealed if they have a sealant applied to all molars that have deep pitting or fissures. Children between the ages of 6-16 are most prone.
  • Adults — Any secondary teeth that have pitting, grooves or depressions should be treated to guard against adult tooth decay.


Dr. Joel Moskowitz, DMD
The Dental Center
28 Bowling Green Parkway
Suite 6
Lake Hopatcong, NJ 07849

tel: (973) 663-4220
fax: (973) 663-6136



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